Famous Czechs

Famous Czechs at the present time

Famous Czech in the history

Present time:

Vaclav Havel (1936)

Writer and Dramatist. One of the first Spokesmen for Charter 77. Leading Figure of the Velvet Revolution of 1989, last President of Czechoslovakia and First President of the Czech Republic.




Milos Forman (1932)

Czech born Academy Award winning movie director who emigrated to the USA in 1968. The movies he directed include One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), Hair (1979), Ragtime (1981), Valmont (1989), Amadeus (1984), The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996), Man on the Moon (1999). Czechoslovakian director Milos Forman was born on the 18th February 1932 in Caslav.

 

Milan Kundera (1929)

A writer who reached international fame thanks to his novels published in exile. His best novels - "The Unbearable Lightness of Being" ( 1985) and "Immortality" (1990) were translated into many languages. He received a number of prestigious literary awards for his work, e. g. American Common Wealth Award for his complete works (1981) or the European literatur prize (1982), and he is acknowledged as one of the world's best contemporary writers.

 



Madeleine Albright

Madeleine Korbel Albright was nominated by President Clinton on December 5, 1996 as Secretary of State. After being unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate, she was sworn in as the 64th Secretary of State on January 23, 1997. Secretary Albright is the first female secretary of state and the highest ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government.


 

Jaromir Jagr (1972)

Since childhood he has always had a secret dream. "I want to be the best ice hockey player in the world!"

History

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Sigmund Freud, the "Father of Psychoanalysis", was born on May 6, 1856 at Freiberg, Moravia, now Pribor in the Czech Republic. Freud developed the techniques of "Psycho-Analysis" for the treatment of psychological and emotional disorders.



Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884)
Bedrich Smetana, known as "Father of the Czech opera", was born in Litomysl, Czechoslovakia, in March 2, 1824. Author of: "The Brandenburgers In Bohemia" (Branibori v Cechach) , opera "The Bartered Bride" (Prodana nevesta), the cycle of six symphonic poems "My Country" (Ma Vlast) with famous "Moldau" (Vltava), string quartet "From My Life" (Z meho zivota)



Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)
World famous music composer Antonin Dvorak was born in Nelahozeves, 8 September 1841.
Author of "Slavonic Dances" (Slovanske tance), "Sixth Symphony", "Stabat mater", "The Spectre's Bride", "Requiem Mass" , "Seventh Symphony", "St. Ludmilla", the wellknown "Ninth Symphony" ('From the New World'), the String Quartet in F, the String Quintet in E-flat and the Cello Concerto, opera "Rusalka"


Leos Janacek (1854-1928)
A major figure in modern European music. In his works Janacek was inspired by Czech folk music while at the same time he became one of the first composers to abandon the traditional tonal major-minor system. The operas "Jenufa" and "Kata Kabanova" are among his best compositions. Another famous work of his is an orchestral rhapsody "Taras Bulba".



Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939)
Alfons Mucha was born on July 24, 1860, in the small Moravian town of Ivancice (today in the Czech Republic). He was one of the most versatile and influential artists of the ‘belle epoque’. Not only was he a great painter and decorative artist, but he also mastered sculpture, interior design and jewellery making. His posters, prints and calendars reached a huge audience due to advancing reproduction technologies. And as well as being greatly popular, their strong composition and enticing content allowed his designs to mould a new style. This ‘style Mucha’ acted as a template for a generation of designers. Typically featuring beautiful long-haired women, framed intricately with fruit, foliage and almost Egyptian-styled symbols, his style came to be regarded as synonymous with Art Nouveau as a whole.



Franz Kafka (1883-1924)
Austrian-Czech writer born in Prague, a significant figure in the 20th century literature. He wrote in German and his best known novels are The Trial, The Castle and America, Meditation, The Judgment, The Metamorphosis, The Penal Colony, The Country Doctor, and A Hunger Artist



Karel Capek (1890-1938)
Czech writer and playwright. He and his brother Josef first introduced the word "robot" in their science-fiction play R.U.R. in 1921. The abbreviation stands for "Rossum's Universal Robots". This word has become worldwide known and is still used today very frequently.
Karel Capek almost received the Nobel Prize for literature but in the end didn't receive it because Sweden didn't view it as favorable to award it to an anti facist at the advent of WWII of fear from Hitler's reaction.